This is an original WW2 Canadian Army Division / Canada Corps CEF Cap Badge shoulder title for sale. In good condition. Please see our other items for more original WW1, WW2 & post war British military badges for sale including other Canadian Army Division shoulder titles.
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The Second World War saw major changes to the Militia; in November 1940 the name Canadian Army was adopted to refer to both the former PAM and NPAM. Many infantry regiments were transferred to the Canadian Armoured Corps created the same year. Cavalry regiments were mechanized, the horse was withdrawn from military use, and the Royal Canadian Army Veterinary Corps was disbanded. A Canadian M4 Sherman tank crew near Caen, France, June 1944. Canadians helped develop tank doctrine in the First World War, and created the Canadian Armoured Corps in the Second. In 1939, the Canadian Active Service Force (CASF) was mobilized; similar to the CEF, this was a mobilization of prewar PF and NPAM units, who retained their traditional titles. In 1940, the land forces of Canada were retitled. The CASF became the Canadian Army (Overseas), the Permanent Force became the Canadian Army (Active) and the NPAM became the Canadian Army (Reserve).
The Canadian Army (Overseas) ceased to exist after the Second World War. A new Canadian Armoured Corps was created and many infantry regiments were reroled to fight in tanks. At home, the Atlantic Command and Pacific Command were created to direct home defence efforts. A desire to have an entire French Canadian brigade was thwarted by a lack of Francophone staff officers. The original mobilization scheme grouped infantry battalions by region; the 1st Brigade was an Ontario brigade, the 2nd from Western Canada and the 3rd from the Maritimes. The 2nd Division was supposed to follow the same lines, but after deployments to Iceland, the Western Canadian and Quebec brigades were mixed and no attempt was made with the 3rd, 4th or 5th divisions to organize regionally.
The 5th Brigade was originally to be an all-Quebec brigade, with one Anglophone and two Francophone regiments. While French Canada was represented by four overseas French-speaking infantry battalions, and the Army did attempt to produce training literature in French, it would not be until after Unification that French and English soldiers would have equal career opportunities. The use of irregular forces in Canada became common during the Second World War, with the Pacific Coast Militia Rangers being formed in 1942; disbanded after 1945, they were the inspiration for the Canadian Rangers. Canada also formed the Veteran's Guard of Canada during the Second World War, similar to Britain's Home Guard. Consisting of overage veterans, they guarded prisoners in Canada and performed security duties locally and abroad (for example in Jamaica). They were disbanded in 1945.
Please see our other items for more original WW1, WW2 & post war British military badges for sale including other WW1 Canadian Army Division / Canada Corps CEF shoulder title badges.